The electric car
The large reduction in CO2 emissions that has been achieved by the automobiles in the past years, will be greatly reinforced from further development of the internal combustion engine, the introduction of alternative propulsion systems and the use of more alternative energy sources.
In this direction, the use of electricity for the propulsion of vehicles in the cities is necessary, in order to move towards the future target for zero emissions in city centers and lower noise level.
Spreading the use electric vehicles is not a simple task, though. It requires parallel investments from the energy sector (suitable electric networks), EU’s member states’ governments (incentives for new technologies, coordination of local authorities for the creation of recharging infrastructure), the automobile industry (attractive models offering high comfort and safety standards, with gradually lower production cost) and standardization bodies (introduction of common interfaces). The European Commission must take up a coordinating role, setting the directions for all stakeholders to follow.
The automobile industry expects that internal combustion engines and today’s fuels will remain the dominant source of vehicle propulsion for the next decades, with the market share of electric vehicles being somewhere between 3% and 10% by 2025. The market penetration of electric vehicles will, to a large extent, depend on the familiarization of the consumers with their driving characteristics, an effort towards which great support also comes from the Hellenic Institute of Electric Vehicles (HELIEV).